With its 3.648.016 acres, the national park of Serengeti is probably the most famous nature reserve of the whole African continent. A real shrine for the millions of wild animals which take part in the Great Migration. Every year over 2 million animals, mainly gnu and zebra, retrace the tracks they have followed for centuries through 1000 km of fresh pasture and boundless plains, until they reach the green hills of Masai Mara, in Kenya.
Cynical and fascinating, it reaches its peak during two precise periods. The first is the period of births, when the herds settle down in the southern region of Serengeti, in Ndutu, where prey and predators give birth to the future generations, who will be the adults during the next migration circles. The second is even more impressive, the crossing of the northern rivers, Grumeti and Mara, where hundreds of crocodiles and predators of every kind await the seasonal crossing of the herds, in a natural dramatic, but spectacular natural theatre.
The vast central plains, fertile due to the ashes of the volcanoes on the highlands of Ngorongoro, are enchanted places formed by an immense sky and never ending plains, as far as the eye can see, speckled by green woods of acacia tortilis, giant termitaria and majestic rocks, the Kopjes, ideal observation posts on the plain for complete prides of lions.
Serengeti is famous mainly for its remarkably rich fauna, which makes it one of the most representative regions of the Sub-Saharan savannah ecosystem and one of the main atractions of Eastern Africa. You can find, amongst others, the so-called “big five”: elephants, lions, leopards, buffalos (in abundance) in addition to a vast number of black rhinos, for whom a big conservation operation is under way. The tropical climate in the area is characterized by two seasonal rain periods: the “big rain” from April to June and the “small rain” from the end of October to December.
The big rain is synonymous of the low tourist season, but it represents the renaissance for a territory where the sun is harsh and the dry periods are increasingly more frequent. After and during the wet season however it is possible to fully enjoy the park, given the low number of tourists in this period, the fields in blossom and the constant presence of herds.
Perhaps one of the best ways to see the Serengeti is, however, a tour in a hot-air balloon, when, in the freshness of the morning, you can admire the magnitude, the massiveness and the breathtaking landscape.